"Readers sort through passages, taking note of pertinent information and discarding extraneous facts. Students are often surprised to find that everything in print is not equally important. Conversation about what is important helps students sort through all the hierarchy of information presented in text." (Ketch, A., 2005, p. 9)
Decisions made by the reader regarding what concepts and portions of the text need the greatest attention. This is followed by deciding a means to be able to later reference this information for accurate recall.